Curses and Warnings in Waqfiyyas
Keywords:waqf, waqfiyya/waqfnamah, sanctio, warnings, curses, imprecations
This paper deals with warnings and curses present in waqfiyyas/waqfnamahs. The analysis has shown that these warnings and curses are delayed, transcendental speech acts because their realization is conditioned by certain procedures, while the real addressee is God and the imprecatee as a potential perpetrator who could alter any of the waqfiya’s conditions is the target of the curse. The illocutionary act of curses and warnings in waqfnamahs is protection of the property of waqfs, and in this way the speaker promises punishment from God to anyone who causes any damage to the endowment. It could be said that all other parts of the waqfiyya, which are stylistically sacralised, also place the waqf under God’s protection.