Adverbialisation in the Turkish Language


  • Ekrem Čaušević Zagreb


In the Turkish language we differentiate between two basic transforma- tions of the finite object (VF) into infinite: 1) VF -> verbal noun [-mak, -ma, -(y)ış, -dik, -(y)acakj; 2) VF —» participle; 3) VF —» gerund. If a result clause (e.g. Ayşe kapıyı açtı.) is incorporated into a matrix sentence (e. g. Hırsız pencereden atladı.) so that its finite object transforms into a gerund (e. g. Ayşe kapıyı açtı —> Ayşe kapıyı açınca), such a transformation is called adverbiali- sation. In the structure of a simple clause (1) Ayşe kapıyı açınca // (2) hırsız pencereden atladı we can differentiate betvveen two segments: (a) basic segment (ııumbered as 2) or matrix sentence into which incorporated is the trans- formed result clause; b) gerund segment (numbered as 1) whose infinite object (= gerund) is a contact line between the incorporated clause and matrix sentence. The gerund segment as the sentence constituent part is analyzed according to three criteria: a) structure, b) function and c) semantics (determining semantic equivalents in the language Turkish is being compared to). Semantic analysis of the Turkish gerund through contrasting it with adequate adverbial clauses in the Bosnian language is the Central point of this paper.


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How to Cite

Čaušević, E. (2017). Adverbialisation in the Turkish Language. Prilozi Za Orijentalnu Filologiju, 46(46), 13–37. Retrieved from



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