Lady Mary Wortley Montagu i Ahmed-beg od Kumodraža

Nenad Filipović

Sažetak

U ovome radu analizirani su podaci u pismima lady Mary Wortley Montagu (u. 1762.) o njenom boravku u Beogradu 1717. godine u kući lokalnog aristokrate i intelektualca Ahmed-bega od Kumodraža. Utvrđen je Ahmed-begov identitet, poređenjem podataka koje daju pisma lady Mary sa izvještajima u Pismovniku Osman-age iz Temišvara te u dokumentima Dvorskog ratnog vijeća u Beču. Dat je prikaz Ahmed-begovih uvjerenja te su ona identifikovana kao karakteristična i za osmansku salonsku kulturu (mecālis) i za tradiciju islamske filozofije u Osmanskom Carstvu. Ukazano je na enormnu važnost kategorija privatnosti i prava na privatnost u islamu kao na osnove na kojima se intelektualni život mogao slobodnije razvijati. Zaključeno je da su međuvjerski i međukomunalni intelektualno-kulturni kontakti, odnosno intelektualno-kulturni kontakti između domaćih muslimana i domaćih nemuslimana, kao i između osmanskih podanika te stranaca, bili daleko češći nego što se to tvrdi u sekundarnoj literaturi, često bez pozivanja na primarne izvore.

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Lady Mary Wortley Montagu and Ahmed beg of Kumodraž

In this paper were analyzed the data in the letters of Lady Mary Wortley Montagu (d. 1762) describing her stay in Belgrade in 1717 in the house of the local notable and intellectual, Ahmed Beg of Kumodraž. Ahmed Beg was identified via comparison of the data in Lady Mary’s letters with those in the Epistolary Collection of Tımışvarli ‘Osmān Āġā and in the documents of the Court War Council in Vienna. It was given the overview of Ahmed Beg’s ideas and they were identified as characteristical for the Ottoman salon culture (mecālis) and as an expression of the continuous presence of the Islamic philosophy proper in the Ottoman culture. It was brought to attention the enormous importance of the Islamic categories of privacy and of the Islamic legal and moral norms protecting one’s right to privacy. Conclusion is that these categories and norms were the basis of both the intellectual and cultural development and freedom in the Islamic world in general and in the Ottoman Empire in particular. The contacts of Ahmed Beg of Kumodraž and the Anglo-Irish radical deist Dr Toland were brought to light, also. The main thesis of paper for which evidence has been produced can be summarized as following: the interconfessional and intercommunal intellectual-cultural contacts, i. e. contacts in the socalled sphere of the high culture, in the Ottoman Empire indeed existed. This applies both to the contacts between local Muslims and non-Muslims as well as to the contacts between subjects of the Ottoman Empire and foreigners visiting the Ottoman Empire. Besides, the paper, as a case-study, proved the high evidentiary value of the collection known as The Turkish Embassy Letters whose author was Lady Mary Wortley Montagu.

Ključne riječi

Lady Mary Wortley Montagu; Ahmed-beg od Kumodraža; Beograd; XVIII vijek; epistolografija; osmanska filozofija; meclis; međukomunalni i međukonfesionalni kulturni kontakti; Belgrade; 18th century; epistolography; Ottoman philosophy; intercommunal and inter

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