Vakufi u Rogatici do kraja 16. stoljeća

Amina Kupusović

Sažetak

U ovom radu dati su podaci o vakufima u kasabi Rogatica, koja je u osmansko vrijeme nosila ime Čelebi Pazar. Rad je prvenstveno zasnovan napodacimakoje daju osmanski katastarski popisi – tapu tahrir defteri. Na osnovu ovih deftera utvrđeno je daje u Čelebi Pazaru tokom 16. stoljeća podignut znatan broj objekata za čije izdržavanje su ostavljani vakufi u vidu koristonosnih objekata, kao što su dućani, hamami i kuće, nekretnine u vidu zemljišnih posjeda i novčane sume koje su davane na kredit. Izdvajaju se Carske džamije kao sultanski vakufi, koji, iako su u popisu upisani kao vakufi, ne predstavljaju klasične forme vakufa u osmanskoj državi. Prvu džamiju u Čelebi Pazaru dao je sagraditi sultan Bajezid, a za njeno izdržavanje i plaće njenih službenika određena je suma iz harača Višegradskog kadiluka. Najveći dobrotvori Čelebi Pazara su, osim sultana Bajezida i Selima II, kožar Alija, sin Bajramlije, Ilijas Arnaut, Sinan-vojvoda, Husein-beg, sin Ilijasa, Hatidža-hatun, njegova supruga, i Mihri-hatun, njegova sestra. Ove ličnosti su svojim vakufima učinile Čelebi Pazar jednom od razvijenijih kasaba u 16. stoljeću.

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Waqfs in Rogatica until the end of the 16th century

This paper gives information about waqfs – endowments in the town of Rogatica, which in the Ottoman time was called Chelebi Pazar. The paper is primarily based on information contained in the Ottoman property registers - tapu tahrir defteri. On the basis thereof, it was established that in Chelebi Pazar in the 16th century a considerable number of buildings had been erected for the upkeep of which waqfs were left in the form of useful buildings such as shops, public baths and houses, real estate such as land and cash which used to be given as loans. As such, remarkable were Imperial Mosques as not classical forms of the waqf in the Ottoman State. Sultan Bayazid had the first mosque Sultan’s endowments, which, although they were recorded in the register as waqfs, were built in Chelebi Pazar, and for its maintenance and salaries of its employees a sum was fixed from the poll-tax of the Višegrad qadilik. Chelebi Pazar’s greatest benefactors were, along with Sultans Bayazid and Selim II, tanner Alija, son of Bajramlija, Ilijas Arnaut, Sinan-voivoda, Hussein-beg, son of Ilijas, Hatidža-hatun, his wife, and Mihri-hatun, his sister. Those personalities with their waqfs made Chelebi Pazar one of the most developed towns in the 16th century.

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